Know the protocol for managing a concussion.

Learn the basics of concussion diagnosis, recovery protocol, and return-to-play guidelines to protect student athletes.

Immediate Concussion Care

Baseline testing is the critical first step for every participant in youth, school, or university activities where concussions can occur. This testing is critical to diagnosing and recognizing concussion symptoms in an individual as each person can have unique reactions to this type of brain injury.

The CDC has created an FAQ for baseline testing that explains the hows and whys of this important concussion measurement protocol.


Recovering From a Concussion

Always follow the directions of a medical professional when it comes to recovering from a concussion.
Rest is Key to Help the Brain Heal
  • Have your child or teen get plenty of rest. Keep a regular sleep routine, including no late nights and no sleepovers.
  • Appears dazed or stunned.
  • Make sure your child or teen avoids high-risk/high-speed activities that could result in another bump, blow, or jolt to the head or body, such as riding a bicycle, playing sports, climbing playground equipment, and riding roller coasters . Children and teens should not return to these types of activities until their medical provider says they are well enough.
  • Share information about concussion with siblings, teachers, counselors, babysitters, coaches, and others who spend time with your child or teen. This can help them understand what has happened and how to help.
Return Slowly to Activities
  • When your child’s or teen’s medical provider says they are well enough, make sure they return to their normal activities slowly, not all at once.
  • Talk with their medical provider about when your child or teen should return to school and other activities and how you can help him or her deal with any challenges during their recovery. For example, your child may need to spend less time at school, rest often, or be given more time to take tests.
  • Ask your child’s or teen’s medical provider when he or she can safely drive a car or ride a bike.
Talk to a Medical Provider about Concerns
  • Give your child or teen only medications that are approved by their medical provider.
  • If your child or teen already had a medical condition at the time of their concussion (such as ADHD or chronic headaches), it may take longer for them to recover from a concussion. Anxiety and depression may also make it harder to adjust to the symptoms of a concussion.


While most children and teens with a concussion feel better within a couple of weeks, some will have symptoms for months or longer. Talk with your children’s or teens’ health care provider if their concussion symptoms do not go away or if they get worse after they return to their regular activities.

If your child or teen has concussion symptoms that last weeks to months after the injury, their medical provider may talk to you about post-concussive syndrome. While rare after only one concussion, post-concussive syndrome is believed to occur most commonly in patients with a history of multiple concussions.

There are many people who can help you and your family as your child or teen recovers. You do not have to do it alone. Keep talking with your medical provider, family members, and loved ones about how your child or teen is feeling. If you do not think he or she is getting better, tell your medical provider.

State by State Protocol

Diagnosis Checklists:

SCAT 3 Test

CDC Checklist

NATA Concussion Management